Quick Takes: Fertility, Infant Mortality, and HIV in Uganda; Fewer Babies in Czech Republic; Urban U.S. Population Growth
by Carl Haub, senior demographer
News from Uganda. Press reports quote the Bureau of Statistics of Uganda (UBOS) with leaked data from the not-yet-released 2011 Demographic and Health Survey. The country’s total fertility rate (TFR) reportedly declined to 6.2 from 6.7 in the 2006 DHS, still very high but a drop nonetheless. The infant mortality rate also declined from 76 deaths to infants below age 1 per 1,000 live births to 54, a notable drop in a short time. In addition, the results of the 2011 AIDS Indicator Survey (AIS) shows that 6.7 percent of adults ages 15 to 49 were infected with HIV, an increase from 6.4 percent in the 2004- 2005 AIS.
Fewer babies in the Czech Republic. A March 2012 survey in the Czech Republic found that 85 percent of Czechs think the country’s low birth rate is a serious problem. The Czech TFR has declined to 1.42 in 2011 from 1.49 in 2010. In the survey, 29 percent said that financial difficulties among young couples were the primary cause; 24 percent blamed insufficient state support; and 16 percent cited “careerism.”
Urban USA. The U.S. population surpassed 80 percent urban in the 2010 Census (80.7 percent), up from 79 percent in 2000. The Census Bureau identifies two types of urban areas: “urbanized areas” of 50,000 or more people and “urban clusters” of at least 2,500 and less than 50,000 people. There are 486 urbanized areas and 3,087 urban clusters nationwide. The Los Angeles-Long Beach-Anaheim urbanized area is the most densely population with 7,000 people per sq. mile. The New York-Newark, NJ was only the fifth most densely populated at 5,316 per sq. mile. But New York easily maintains the top spot in population with 18,391,295 residents to the 12,150,996 in second-place Los Angeles. The smallest urban area is Lake Rancho Viejo, California, barely making the cutoff at 2.500 inhabitants.