April 18th, 2013 | Posted in Reproductive Health
by Carl Haub, senior demographer
EQUATORIAL GUINEA. The 2011 Equatorial Guinea Demographic and Health Survey (DHS) summary report has measured a relatively high level of fertility. The total fertility rate (TFR, or the average number of children per woman) was reported as 5.1. Given that the country’s TFR in 1950 was estimated at 5.5 by the United Nations Population Division, there has been very little decrease over a long period. Women gave six children as their ideal, while men opted for seven children. The TFR for urban areas was 4.4, and higher for rural areas at 5.9.
Childbearing begins early in Equatorial Guinea, on average when the mother is 18 years old. Among women ages 25 to 49, 14 percent had married or were in union by age 15. Among men, however, less than half below age 30 were married by age 15. And 17 percent of women were in polygamous unions.
The survey reported that 13 percent of married women were using some form of family planning, with 10 percent using a modern method, including injectables, pill, and the male condom.
Infant and child mortality are quite high The infant mortality rate is 65 deaths of children under age 1 per 1,000 live births, and 113 deaths of children under age 5 per 1,000 live births. The survey also measured HIV prevalence. Among women ages 15 to 49, 8.3 percent were found to be HIV positive, and 3.7 percent for men.
Guinée Équatoriale, Enquête Démographique et de Santé 2011, Rapport synthèse, Ministère de la Santé et du Bien-Être Social, Ministère de la Planification, du Développement Économique et des Investissements Publics, ICF International
SURINAME. The 2010 Suriname Multiple Indicator Cluster Survey (MICS4) final report is now available. The country’s total fertility rate (TFR, or the average number of children per woman) is currently estimated at 2.3. There appears to have been little change in the use of family planning in recent years, with 48 percent of currently married women ages 15 to 49 using some method, up from 46 percent in the 2006 MICS3. Modern contraceptive methods accounted for virtually all family planning use, with 25 percent using the pill and 11 percent having undergone sterilization.
As in all MICS surveys, the report contains a large amount of information on maternal and child health in addition to other topics such as malaria, knowledge of HIV, and water supply and sanitation.
Suriname, Multiple Indicator Cluster Survey 2010, Government of Suriname, United Nations Children’s Fund (UNICEF)