by Carl Haub, senior demographer
Results from the 2012-2013 Senegal Demographic and Health Survey (DHS), the first continuous DHS to be taken in the country, have been released. The survey showed that the total fertility rate (TFR, or the average number of children per woman) remained high with no sign of decreasing. The TFR was reported as 5.3, the same as in the 2005 DHS, and higher than in the 2010-2011 DHS-MICS (Multiple Indicator Cluster Survey). The TFR was 4.1 in urban areas, and 6.3 in rural areas. The desire for large families remains high in Senegal: Among women with five living children, 58 percent said they wished to have another birth.
Family planning has increased. In the recent survey, 18 percent of women married or in union reported the use of family planning, up from 13 percent in 2010-2011. The use of modern methods also rose from 12 percent to 16 percent. Temporary modern methods, often used to space rather than limit the number of births, were the most commonly used methods, with injectables first, followed by the pill and implants.
As in other sub-Saharan countries, infant and child mortality has shown dramatic declines. The infant mortality rate was 43 deaths per 1,000 live births in the five-year period before the survey, down from 64 deaths per 1,000 live births 10 to 14 years ago. Deaths among children below age 5 per 1,000 births was 65, half of the previous rate.
Source: Agence Nationale de la Statistique et de la Démographie (ANSD), Dakar, Sénégal and MEASURE DHS, Enquête Démographique et de Santé Continue au Sénégal (EDS-Continue) 2012-2013 (Calverton, MD: ICF International, 2013).